Bendigo Woollen Mills is Australia’s largest manufacturer of hand-knitting yarn. Located in the historic gold mining town of Bendigo, Victoria, our yarns are made on-site by our dedicated local team.
On this page we will walk you through our manufacturing process step-by-step, explaining how we turn wool and other fibres into our quality signature and limited release yarns.
Manufacturing Process FAQ
Q: Where does your wool come from and what type is it?
Our wool is grown in Victoria or central New South Wales in Australia. We use Merino and First Cross Merino/Border Leicester wool, ranging from 24 to 29 micron in diameter.
Q: Where is your Yarn manufactured?
Over 90% of the manufacturing processes (listed below) for our Classic and Luxury yarns are undertaken at Bendigo Woollen Mills, and if necessary, Wangaratta Woollen Mills. This is with the exception of the cleaning process, which is completed by our carding and scouring partner of over thirty years, who is based in China.
Manufacturing process locations for Classic & Luxury yarns:
Raw fleece source: Australia (Victoria & Central NSW), scouring & carding: China. Blending, Drawing, Twisting, Spinning: Bendigo, Australia. Dyeing: Bendigo, Australia. Balling: Bendigo, Australia. Packaging, Warehousing, Shipping & Administration: Bendigo, Australia
Q: Why is your wool scoured & carded overseas and not in Australia?
A: The yarn-manufacturing sector changed remarkably in the 90s and 00s. One of the most significant changes to the industry meant we could no longer have our raw fleece scoured in Australia. While our wool is always sourced from New South Wales and Victoria, unfortunately there are no local facilities that can handle the volume of fleece we need to have processed every year.
Once the wool is cleaned, it comes back to our Bendigo factory to be drawn, spun, plied/twisted, dyed, and balled, meaning that apart from cleaning & scouring, our yarn is constructed in Australia.
Q: What micron is your yarn?
A: Our yarns have the following micron counts:
Luxury: 24-25 micron
Classic: 29 micron
Q: Where does your cotton come from & how does the manufacturing process differ from your woollen yarn?
A: While we assemble, dye and ball the cotton at our factory here in Bendigo, we buy our cotton in singles from China. Unfortunately, Australia doesn't spin enough cotton for our needs, and our wool-spinning machines don’t have the capability to process the short cotton fibre into singles.
Once we receive the singles, the process is then very similar to the process for wool yarns: singles are plied together to create 4, 8 or 10 ply yarns, then twisted, dyed, and balled to create the 200g balls we love.
Q: Will the yarn I order be from the same dyelot ?
A: Due to the popularity of our yarns the dyelots change frequently, so even though your most recent order is from the same Dyelot, we cannot guarantee that the same Dyelot will be available when you place your next order. We do try and ensure our shades are consistent however sometimes there will be variations from one dyelot to the next.